Selecting the best water pump for domestic use

How to choose the best water pump for domestic use in India?

Mechanical devices are designed to move water from one location to another with the help of water pumps. They are an integral part of residential water systems which enables the distribution of water for domestic purposes like drinking, cleaning and bathing. Water pumps are primarily used to increase water pressure or transfer water from a low to a higher rise. The key components of submersible sewage pumps are casing (outer body to protect the internal parts of the pump) impeller (centrifugal force to move water within the pump), seals and bearings (prevent leaks and support for smooth operations) and motor (power source such as electric, petrol or solar that drives pump operation).

How does a water pump work?

  • This operates an electric motor to spin an impeller, a rotating part equipped with blades. As the impeller spins, this creates centrifugal force which pushers water outwards from the pump centre towards its edges.
  • This creates low pressure, allowing water from the source to flow into the pumps. This accelerates the water by increasing the speed and pressure with the spinning impeller.
  • Water travels from pipes or hoses to reach its destination whether it is faucet, sprinkler or water outlets within the home.

Four tips to select a water pump for your home:

  • Evaluate your requirements with certain factors such as daily water requirements, pump type needed, pump size, capacity, durability, maintenance and budget.
  • Calculate the pump size based on the flow rate, pressure, head range and horizontal pumping distance to ensure efficient water transfer without overloading and underperforming.
  • Ensure the pump meets your specific needs which examine flow rate, power consumption, noise level and material durability.
  • Warranty is another concept you need to look into before investing and Torren Pumps offers a service which focuses on customer support.

Types of pumps suitable for your homes are:

  1. Domestic pumps are those used in homes or for daily water consumption. These pumps have a lower flow rate and less power which is compared to the ones used for agricultural purposes, they have to be pumped into small areas,
  2. Self-prime regenerative pumps: Vanes installed on either side of the edge of a regenerative pump revolve within the pump’s body in a tube shaped like a ring. Fluid returns to the impeller’s bottom rather than discharging from the tip. The pump self-primes through this regeneration or recirculation. These pumps work well with clean, cold fresh water that’s not affected by hard particles or chemicals. You can use these pumps for gardens, lawn sprinklers, and home water supplies. Because these pumps are self-priming, they can eliminate air, making them perfect for sucking water out of pipelines without requiring a foot valve.
  3. Centrifugal pumps: Through the transformation of rotating kinetic energy into the hydrostatic energy of water flow, centrifugal pumps facilitate the circulation of water. One source of rotational energy is an electric motor. The Jet Centrifugal pump, which employs a stream of suction water to create a jet to increase the drawing capacity from the subsurface resources, is another type of centrifugal pump with a similar principle. These pumps work well with clean, cold fresh water that isn’t polluted with harsh particles or chemicals. Ideal for filling swimming pools, draining wells and tanks, gardening, small farms, lawn sprinklers, irrigation, agricultural uses, and more. When compared to regenerative pumps, these pumps have a higher output.
  4. Submersible pumps: An apparatus with a covered engine that is completely submerged in water, particularly in bore and open wells, is called a submersible pump. Since they are already immersed in water, they don’t need to be set up, making them a more sensible and effective option. They are separated into two categories further:
  1. Borewell compressor pumps: The purpose of bore well compressor pumps is to extract water from shallow bore wells of a particular size. This device uses air pressure to raise water out of deep boreholes. These pumps work well in bore wells that are up to 600 feet deep and have relatively lower yields. Tube well pumps are not appropriate for use in muddy bore wells; instead, compressor pumps can be utilized. Compressor pumps come in two varieties: monobloc and belt-driven models. Compressor pump discharge is contingent upon bore well yield.


It is a critical decision for selecting the right water pumps which directly towards the efficiency and reliability of your water supply. You can enhance the functionality of these water systems and the convenience of your home. Whether you need a centrifugal jet pump or a submersible water pump for home, you can find all these types of pumps from Torren Pumps which are more durable and dedicated to performance with lower power consumption.